About GoutKey Messages for gout sufferers and their families.
Key Messages for gout sufferers and their families
Gout is a painful form of arthritis that can be well managed or effectively 'cured' with the right treatment
With delayed or no treatment, gout can cause serious damage to joints and kidneys
Gout is caused by a build-up of uric acid in your blood, which forms sharp crystals in the joints
If you have more than 2 attacks of gout per year, ask your doctor for preventive medication
Find out what your uric acid level is and aim for below 0.36 mmol/l
Gout is caused more by your genes than your diet
While common in Maori and Pacific men, do NOT accept gout attacks as 'normal' - see your doctor!
Keep to a healthy weight or lose weight if above healthy range
If gout is not treated:
- attacks will happen again and more joints will be affected
- the natural padding between the bones will start to wear away and the joints will become sore and stiff
- lumps can grow on the elbows, hands and feet, the lumps can become sore and swollen, and they may cause skin ulcers
- kidney stones can form and cause pain and damage to your kidneys.
How to prevent gout attacks
- Keep to a healthy weight.
- Eat three meals each day.
- Choose small servings of meat and seafood.
- Eat low-fat dairy each day.
- Drink less alcohol.
- Drink plenty of water.
- Take gout medicine everyday, if your doctor prescribed it.
How to treat gout attacks
- Go to your doctor for some pain-relieving medicine as soon as you can.
- Protect the part of your body that hurts.
- Rest, put an ice pack on the sore joint, and raise it.
- Keep taking medicine every day.
- See your doctor again if you don’t get any better after 24 hours.